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技术保护与监管视角下的颠覆性技术政策主题演化研究

Research on Topic Evolution of Disruptive Technology Policies from the Perspective of Protection and Regulation

摘要:摘要: 目的/意义 从我国对颠覆性技术的保护和监管需求出发,通过挖掘世界科技强国不同时期的颠覆性技术政策关注焦点和演进特征,为我国政策发展方向提供借鉴。 方法/过程 基于1990-2020年间的颠覆性技术政策文件集,通过LDA模型探索政策主题焦点分布,并引入时序因素构建DTM模型分析不同时期的政策主题内容和强度的演化情况,总结科技强国的关键政策经验。 结果/结论 本研究将科技强国的颠覆性技术政策发展划分为7个时期。研究发现,保护和监管视角下的政策焦点演化均存在衰减型、增长型和波动型3类。相对而言,在保护型政策主题更具集中性和连贯性,存在明显的领导型主题阶段发展规划;监管视角则没有固定的领导型主题,但主题融合范围更大,其中跨域监管合作是将各主题紧密关联的重要角色。

英文摘要:Abstract: Purpose/Significance Starting from China's demands for protection and regulation of disruptive technologies, this study provides reference for China's policy development direction by mining the focuses and evolution characteristics of related policies of the world's major powers. Method/Process Based on the set of disruptive technology policies during 1990-2020, the focuses distribution of policy topics is explored by LDA, and DTM is constructed by introducing time-series factors to analyze the evolution of the content and intensity of policy topics in different periods, and summarize the key policy experience of the major powers. Result/Conclusion This study divides the disruptive technology policies into seven periods. The evolution of policy focuses from the perspective of protection and regulation has three types: attenuation, growth and fluctuation. Relatively speaking, the protection policy topics are more centralized and coherent, and there is an obvious leadership topic phased development planning. While the regulation perspective does not have a fixed leadership topic, but the topic integration range is larger, of which cross domain regulatory cooperation is an important role that closely links various topics.

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[V1] 2022-09-04 12:29:01 chinaXiv:202209.00018V1 下载全文
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